Đề thi tuyển sinh vào lớp 10 chuyên môn Tiếng Anh - ĐẠI HỌC QUỐC GIA TP.HCM TRƯỜNG PHỔ THÔNG NĂNG KHIẾU - Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh năm 2021-2022

  • Tiếng Anh

  • Lớp 9

  • 2021

  • TP.Hồ Chí Minh

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    Trích dẫn Đề thi tuyển sinh vào lớp 10 chuyên môn Tiếng Anh - ĐẠI HỌC QUỐC GIA TP.HCM TRƯỜNG PHỔ THÔNG NĂNG KHIẾU - Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh năm 2021-2022

    Passage 1As part of a class at school you have to read this article from a local newspaper. Read it and answer thequestions which follow. Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided.The Development of the Courier ServiceIn ancient times, runners, pigeons and riders on horseback were used to deliver messages. Beforethere were mechanized courier services, foot messengers physically ran miles to their destinations. To thisday, there are marathons directly related to actual historical messenger routes. In cities today, there are oftenbicycle couriers or motorcycle couriers, but for products requiring delivery over greater distance networks,this may often include trucks, railways and aircraft. $1.The same-day courier market expanded with the help of taxi companies, but soon expanded intodedicated motorcycle dispatch riders with the taxi companies setting up separate arms to their companies tocover the courier work. During the late 1970s small provincial and regional companies were popping upthroughout the country. Today, there are many large companies offering next-day courier services, includingworldwide couriers such as APC Overnight, FedEx, DHL, UPS and TNT. There are many "specialist"couriers usually for the transportation of items such as freight palettes, sensitive documents and liquids. $2.There are thousands upon thousands of independent couriers and localized companies, offering next-day and same-day services. Since the turn of the millennium, there has been a noticeable increase in owner-drivers, self-employed couriers, operating mainly from home with a sole vehicle. Advantages of this ratherthan working for an established same-day courier firm are that they are able to offer far better rates to theircustomers. Self-employed couriers come from varied employment backgrounds from non-skilled through tohighly qualified tradespeople, Motorbike couriers still exist, but mainly in and around cities, where there isoften congestion, as they are much cheaper to run in heavy traffic. $3.Large couriers often require an account to be held (and this can include daily scheduled collections), Sendersare therefore primarily in the commercial industrial sector (and not the general public); some couriers suchas DHL do, however, allow public sending (at higher cost than regular senders)The courier industry has long held an important place in United States commerce and been involvedin important moments in the nation's history, such as westward migration and the gold rush. Wells Fargowas founded in 1852 and rapidly became the preeminent package delivery company. The companyspecialized in shipping gold, packages and newspapers throughout the West, making a Wells Fargo office inevery camp and settlement a necessity for commerce and connections to home. Shortly afterward, the PonyExpress was established to move packages more quickly than the traditional method, which was thestagecoach routes. It also illustrated the demand for timely deliveries across the nation, a concept thatcontinued to evolve with the railroads, automobiles and interstate highways and which has emerged intotoday's courier industry. $4.

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