21. Đề số 21 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

Đề bài

Read the following passage and write the letter A, B, C or D on the top of the first page to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

   The incredible growth of the Internet over recent years has caused problems for parents and teachers. Parents worry about which sites their children spend time on, who they chat to online and the possible effects that computer games might have on them. For teachers, meanwhile, the main worry is the way the Internet makes

cheating easier!

   Schools and universities say there has been a huge increase in plagiarism – taking other people’s words and ideas and pretending that they are your own. In the past, anyone who wanted to copy had to go to a library, find the right books, read through them, find the sections they needed and then physically write down the words they wanted to use. Nowadays, though, students can simply copy extracts from websites-while really desperate students sometimes copy whole essays! As if this wasn’t bad enough, sites offering to actually do homework – at a price – have also started appearing.

   Despite all this, we shouldn’t assume that the Internet only brings problems. Indeed, you could say that for every problem the Internet creates, it also brings a solution. Parents can now use sophisticated controls to stop kids accessing sites that might do them harm, while new software helps teachers to detect copied work immediately. Many, of course, are already able to recognize when someone is cheating! ‘Some students suddenly start using words they can’t possibly understand like ‘dialectical antagonism’,’ explains one teacher, ‘or parts of their essays feel different.”

   One of the hardest things for teachers today is deciding how to mix modern technology with traditional study skills – and how best to use the Web in class. As more and more schools install computers in every classroom, the role of the teacher is changing. Making sure students don’t just copy things and do learn how to quote copied work properly is part of their job, but so is designing suitable projects to fully exploit the Web in helping students students learn about subjects and develop their life and social skills.

(adapted from Pre- Intermidiate Outcomes by Hugh Dellar $ Andrew Walkley)

Question 1. What is the passage mainly about?

A. Students wasting time on computer games          

B. The Interner making cheating easier

C. The effect that the Web is having on school life  

D. The Web used in projects to teach social skills

Question 2. The word “them” in paragraph 1 refers to ______.

A. parents                    B.  children

C. games                     D.  teachers

Question 3. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. Plagiarism is copying someone’s work and pretending it’s your own.

B. Designing projects to take advantage of the Internet is one of parents’ duties.

C. Many teachers can recognize when their students are cheating.

D. Parents can use some software to stop children assessing harmful sites.

Question 4. The word “this” in paragraph 2 refers to _____.

A. copying other people’s work

B. finding the right books

C. sale of  homework on the Web 

D. physically writing down words

Question 5. According to paragraph 3, teachers can recognize plagiarism because ______.

A. there is always a solution to the problem.

B. students leave clues from the original

C. the Internet makes parents and teachers worried.

D. students use perfect English, above their level.

Question 6. The word “ detect” in paragraph  3 is closest in meaning to ____

A. ignore                 B. notice

C. admire                D. confide

Question 7. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

A. The Internet has only bad impacts on education.

B.  Many websites offer to do homework without fee.

C. The Internet can be used positively in education.

D.  Parents don’t want to control children’s access to sites.

Read the following passage and write the letter A, B, C or D on the top of the first page to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

   If we accept that we can not prevent science and technology from changing our world, we can at least try to ensure that the changes they make are in the right directions.  In a democratic society, this means that the public needs to have a basic understanding of science, so that it can make informed decisions, and not leave them  in the hands of experts. At the moment, the public has a rather ambivalent attitude toward science. It has come to expect the steady increase in the standard of living that new developments in science and technology have brought to continue, but it also distrusts science because it doesn't understand it. This distrust is evident in in the cartoon figure of  the mad scientist, working in his laboratory to produce a Frankenstein. But the public also has a great interest in science, as is shown by the large audiences for science fiction.

   What can be done to harness this interest, and give the public the scientific background it needs to make informed decisions on subjects like acid rain, the greenhouse effect, nuclear weapons and genetic engineering? Clearly, the basis must lie in what is taught in schools. But in schools, science is often presented in a dry and uninteresting manner. Children learn it by rote to pass examinations and they don't see its relevance to the world around them. Moreover, science is often taught in term of equations. Although equations are a concise and accurate way of describing mathematical ideas, they frighten most people.

The science people learn in school can provide the basic framework. But the rate of scientific progress is now so rapid, that there are always new developments that have occurred since one was at school or university. Popular books and magazine articles about science can help to put across new developments. But even the most successful popular book is read by only a small proportion of the population. There are some very good science programs on TV, but others  present scientific wonders simply as magic, without explaining them, or showing how they fit into the framework of scientific ideas. Producers of television science programs should realise that they have a responsibility to educate the public, and not just entertain it.

         What are the science-related issues that the public will have to make decisions on in the near future. By far the most urgent is that of nuclear weapons. Other global problems, such as food supply or the greenhouse effect, are relatively slow acting. But a nuclear war could mean the end of all human life on Earth, within days.

(adapted from Public Attitudes Toward Science by Stephen Hawking)

Question 8. What does the passage mainly dicuss?

A. The media can educate people about the most recent developments in technology.

B. The public should be educated about science so they can make good decisions.

C. The science people learn in school can provide a basic framework for scientific understanding.

D. Many people don’t trust science because they don’t understand it.

Question 9. The word “ it” in paragraph 1 refers to ____

A. the public                       B. science  

C. an expert                        D. technology

Question 10. According to the passage, the public feels________.

A. negative about science fiction 

B. completely negative about science

C. completely positive about science

D. ambivalent toward science

Question 11. The phrase “learn by rote” in paragraph 2 means learning by ______

A.  travelling to many places

B. repeating the same thing many times

C. asking questions like What? How? Why? 

D. choosing the best part to remember

Question 12. According to the author, science programs on TV should _______.

A. present a lot of equations

B. focus on science fiction

C. show science as a kind of magic  

D. educate the public, as well as entertain

Question 13. The word “ put across ” in paragraph 3 closest in meaning to _____

A. affect                             B. support

C. communicate                 D. eliminate

Question 14. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. Human beings like certain aspects of science and also dislike others.

B. People learn just general facts and ideas on science at school.

C. Science is taught in schools in a dry and uninteresting way.

D. The cartoon figure Frankenstein proves that the public trust science.

Question 15. The author believes that _______.

A. only trained scientists can solve the world’s problems in the future

B. human beings will not survive for more than a hundred more years

C. the most urgent issue is nuclear wars as they can wipe out the entire mankind

D. aliens from another planet will visit the Earth someday and help the human race

Read the following passage and write the letter A, B, C or D on the top of the first page to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Founded after World War II by 51 "peace-loving states" combined to oppose future aggression, the United Nations now counts 192 member nations, (16)……….. its newest members, Nauru, Kiribati, and Tonga in 1999, Tuvalu and Yugoslavia in 2000, Switzerland and East Timor in 2002, and Montenegro in 2006.

United Nations Day has been (17)……… on October 24 since 1948 and celebrates the objectives and accomplishments of the organization, which was established on October 24, 1945.

The UN (18)……… in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions across the globe. Though some say its (19)……….. has declined in recent decades, the United Nations still plays a tremendous role in world politics. In 2001 the United Nations and Kofi Annan, then Secretary-General of the UN, won the Nobel Peace Prize "for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world."

Since 1948 there have been 63 UN peacekeeping operations that are currently under way. Thus far, close to 130 nations have contributed personnel (20)……… various times; 119 are currently providing peacekeepers. As of August 31, 2008, there were 16 peacekeeping operations underway with a total of 88,230 personnel. The small island nation of Fiji has taken part in virtually every UN peacekeeping operation, as has Canada.

(Source: https://www.examenglish.com / PTE / pte_academic _reading_4. htm, December 10th, 2017)

Question 16.

A. including                 B. limiting  

C. especially                D. possibly

Question 17.

A. examined                B. watched

C. monitored                D. celebrated

Question 18.

A. puts off                    B. looks down 

C. takes part                D. makes use

Question 19.

A. consequence

B. meaninglessness

C. awareness

D. influence

Question 20.

A. on                          B. at 

C. by                          D. in

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on the top of the first page to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 21.

A.  kitchen                   B. playful

C. support                    D. threaten

Question 22.

A. supportive               B. domestic

C. chemical                 D. endanger

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on the top of the first paget to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 23.

A. shape                      B. passion

C. push                        D. discuss

Question 24.

A. take                        B. name 

C. eight                       D. back

Write the letter A, B, C or D on the top of the first page to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Question 25. Josh and Mike are talking about hobbies.

Josh: “ What is your hobby Mike?”

Mike: “___________”

A. Well, I like hiking.

B. Well, I want sugar

C. Sure, I’ll go with you.

D. Oh, I live here.

Question 26. John and Smith are talking about solar energy.

John: “ Solar energy is not only plentiful and unlimited but also clean and safe. Do you think so?”

Smith: “___”

A. Thanks for your kind words.

B. Thank you, I’m fine at the moment.

C.  Thank you for your consideration.

D. Yeah. You’re absolutely right.

Write the letter A, B, C or D on the top of the first page to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 27. The government is being widely criticized in the media for falling to limit air pollution. 

A. attracted                          B. praised

C. blamed                            D. approved

Question 28. Never punish your children by hitting them. This might teach them to become hitters. 

A. bring                                B. accept

C. give                                 D. reward

Write the letter A, B, C or D on the top of the first page to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 29. It was really difficult to decide between the two candidates. 

A. steal                                  B. think

C. attempt                             D. choose

Question 30. We hope to become more accurate in predicting earthquakes. 

A. dangerous                           B. delicious 

C. nervous                               D. exact

Write the letter A, B, C or D on the top of the first page to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 31. He was (A) quite amusing (B) when he heard (C) what happened (D).

Question 32. I saw the (A) blind man crossed (B) the busy road without (C) any help (D).

Question 33. If you make (A) a five –days (B) trip across the Atlantic Ocean, your ship enters (C) a different time zone (B) every day.

Write the letter A, B, C or D on the top of the first page to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 34. I regret not booking the seats in advance.

A. I wish I book the seats in advance.

B. I wish I have booked the seats in advance.

C. If only I booked the seats in advance.

D. If only I had booked the seats in advance.

Question 35. The older he grew, the more forgetful he became.

A. He grew older when he became more forgetful.

B. He became more forgetful and older.

C. As he grew older, he became more and more forgetful.

D. He grew older and more and more forgetful.

Question 36. “John left here an hour ago,” said Jane.

A. Jane told me that John had left there an hour before.

B. Jane said John left there an hour before.

C. Jane said John to have left there an hour before.

D. Jane told me that John to leave there an hour before.

Write the letter A, B, C or D on the top of the first page to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 37. Jamal overslept this morning. Therefore, he was late for school.

A. Jamal overslept this morning because he was late for school.

B. Jamal overslept this morning although he was late for school.

C. Jamal overslept this morning, so he was late for school.

D. Because Jamal was late for school this morning, he overslept.

Question 38. Willie liked the puppy he saw at the pet store. He plans on buying it tomorrow.

A. Willie liked the puppy that he doesn’t plan on buying at the pet store tomorrow.

B. Willie liked the puppy he saw at the pet store and plans on buying it tomorrow.

C. Willie liked the puppy he saw at the pet store, plans on buying it tomorrow.

D. Willie liked the puppy he saw at the pet store so much that he bought it immediately.

Write the letter A, B, C or D on the top of the first page to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 39. The noise in the hall was terrible but he just _____ on speaking as if he couldn’t hear it.

A. went                     B. let 

C. ran                       D. set

Question 40. I haven’t been up into the attic for twenty years. Anything ______ be up there!`

A. can                        B. needn’t

C. might                      D. ought to

Question 41. You are allowed to go to the party ______ you don’t stay out too late. Remember to be back here no later than 11.30 p.m.

A. if                             B. though

C. yet                           D. unless

Question 42. Thieves ______ over a million dollars in cash from the Bank of East Asia in Central last month.

A. were stolen                     

B. stole

C. have stolen            

D. have been stolen

Question 43. Next year, we are going to a place ______.

A. that lives in England

B. where we can ski

C.  which I read last week

D. who they met in the canteen

Question 44. Run to the supermarket! We’re ____ out of wine and I forgot to buy some yesterday. The guests will be here in half an hour.

A. running                         B. falling

C. going                             D. dropping

Question 45. Don’t waste time _______ for a cheap hotel when you arrive. They are all about the same price.

A. look                             B. looked

C. looking                        D. to look

Question 46. The famous dodo, which lived on the island of Madagascar, _______ extinct in the 17th Century because of overhunting by European settlers.

A. went                             B. got

C. turned                          D. became

Question 47. I haven’t seen Kathy since we both ______ school in 1990.

A. have left                        B. were having

C. had left                          D. left

Question 48. Scientist are warning that human activity is starting to cause ____ in the Earth’s climate due to increasing temperatures.

A. conservation               B. changes

C. habitats                       D. deforestations

Question 49. Do you feel _____ talking about your childhood? We can change subject if you prefer.

A. comfortable                   B. favorable

C. warm                             D. agreeable

Question 50. ______ sounding very boring, the film was actually pretty interesting. I would recommend it!

A. Although                         B. However

C. Despite                           D. Nevertheless

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